Navigating the Subconscious: Overcoming Cognitive Biases in DevOps

In the dynamic realm of DevOps, professionals strive to blend the technical mastery of development and operations with the agility and efficiency required to meet modern software demands. However, beneath the surface of this technical expertise and collaborative ethos, subconscious mental tendencies can significantly influence outcomes, sometimes in ways we don't anticipate. Understanding and addressing these cognitive biases is crucial for fostering a culture of continuous improvement and innovation in DevOps.

The Impact of Cognitive Biases

1. Confirmation Bias: The human brain is wired to seek and interpret information that confirms existing beliefs. In DevOps, this can manifest as a preference for familiar tools and methodologies, potentially sidelining innovative approaches that could drive efficiency and improvement.

2. Resistance to Change: DevOps inherently advocates for agility and embracing change. Yet, subconsciously, there can be a reluctance to move away from tried-and-tested processes, creating barriers to adopting practices that could offer significant benefits.

3. Overconfidence Bias: This bias can lead DevOps professionals to overestimate their knowledge or the reliability of their systems, leading to underpreparedness for unexpected challenges or complexities.

4. Burnout and Stress: The fast-paced nature of DevOps can contribute to stress and burnout, which may not be immediately recognized by the individual. This not only affects personal health but can also diminish productivity and the quality of work.

5. Impostor Syndrome: Even the most accomplished DevOps engineers can fall prey to doubting their skills and achievements. This can hinder their willingness to take on new challenges or contribute ideas, limiting personal growth and team innovation.

6. Groupthink: The desire for team cohesion can sometimes result in conformity, stifling diversity of thought and the exploration of alternative solutions or approaches.

7. The Dunning-Kruger Effect: A lack of self-awareness regarding one's competencies can lead to overly simplistic approaches to complex problems, underlining the importance of continuous learning and feedback.

Strategies for Overcoming Biases

Cultivate Self-Awareness: Encouraging individuals and teams to reflect on their decision-making processes and be mindful of potential biases can pave the way for more balanced and objective approaches.

Foster a Culture of Feedback: Regular, constructive feedback can help individuals recognize and correct biases. Emphasizing peer reviews, retrospectives, and open dialogue can support this.

Embrace Continuous Learning: DevOps is ever-evolving, and so should its practitioners. Investing in ongoing education and cross-training can broaden perspectives and reduce overconfidence and resistance to change.

Prioritize Well-being: Recognizing the signs of burnout and stress, and taking proactive measures to address them, can prevent them from undermining personal and team performance.

Promote Diversity and Inclusion: A diverse team is more likely to challenge groupthink and bring a wide range of perspectives to problem-solving, enhancing innovation and resilience.

Implement Decision-Making Frameworks: Structured approaches to decision-making can help mitigate biases by ensuring that all options are objectively evaluated.


The journey toward overcoming subconscious biases in DevOps is ongoing and requires a concerted effort at both the individual and organizational levels. By fostering an environment that values self-awareness, continuous improvement, and inclusivity, DevOps teams can not only navigate but also leverage the diversity of thought to drive innovation and excellence. Remember, the goal is not to eliminate biases—a task that is virtually impossible—but to understand and manage them in a way that enriches our decision-making and enhances our collaborative efforts.

The Four Agreements of DevOps: A Framework for Effective Collaboration and Productivity

In the realm of DevOps, where collaboration, efficiency, and continuous improvement are paramount, the principles of Don Miguel Ruiz's "The Four Agreements" can be surprisingly applicable and transformative. While originally intended as a personal code for living, these agreements can be adeptly adapted to professional environments, particularly in DevOps, to foster a culture of respect, understanding, and productivity. Let's explore how these four core principles can be applied to the DevOps philosophy to enhance teamwork and project outcomes.

1. Be Impeccable with Your Word

In the context of DevOps, being impeccable with your word translates to clear and honest communication. For DevOps teams, this means articulating goals, expectations, and concerns transparently. It involves giving constructive feedback, sharing knowledge generously, and avoiding miscommunication that can lead to errors or delays. An impeccable word promotes trust and reliability, essential ingredients for successful collaboration in fast-paced development and operations environments.

2. Don’t Take Anything Personally

DevOps environments are often high-pressure and fast-paced, with frequent changes and adjustments. Embracing the agreement not to take anything personally can significantly improve team dynamics. Feedback on code, system designs, or deployment strategies is not a critique of individual worth but an effort to achieve the best possible outcome. By depersonalizing feedback, team members can focus on solutions rather than defensiveness, fostering a culture of continuous improvement.

3. Don’t Make Assumptions

Assumptions can be a major stumbling block in DevOps, leading to misunderstandings, misaligned expectations, and flawed implementations. The antidote is to cultivate a culture of asking questions and clarifying expectations. Whether it’s confirming the scope of a task, the functionality of a feature, or the timeline of a project, seeking clarity prevents many common pitfalls in software development and deployment processes. Encouraging open dialogue and curiosity not only mitigates risks but also promotes innovation.

4. Always Do Your Best

In DevOps, doing your best is about striving for excellence while being adaptable and resilient. Recognizing that the "best" can vary from day to day, based on project demands or personal circumstances, encourages a sustainable pace of work. It’s about effort, learning from mistakes, and continuously improving. This agreement reminds us to balance ambition with realism, ensuring that the pursuit of quality and efficiency doesn’t lead to burnout or compromise well-being.

Applying The Four Agreements to DevOps Practices

Integrating these principles into daily DevOps practices can strengthen teams, enhance project outcomes, and foster a healthy work environment. It starts with leadership embodying these agreements, setting the tone for the team's interactions and approach to challenges. Regularly reflecting on these agreements in retrospectives can also help teams assess their effectiveness and identify areas for improvement.


The Four Agreements offer a philosophical framework that, when applied to DevOps, can significantly enhance communication, collaboration, and productivity. By being impeccable with our words, not taking things personally, not making assumptions, and always doing our best, we can create a more cohesive, resilient, and effective DevOps culture. This approach not only improves project outcomes but also contributes to a more supportive and engaging work environment, aligning with the ultimate goals of DevOps practices.

Securing Your Codebase with Mend: A Superhero’s Guide to Battling Software Vulnerabilities

In the vast universe of software development, where the forces of creativity and innovation constantly battle against the dark specters of vulnerabilities and security threats, every DevOps engineer and developer needs a powerful ally. Enter Mend, the superhero tool designed to swoop in and save the day from the nefarious plots of cyber-villains lurking in your codebase, open-source components, and container images.

Assembling Your Superhero Toolkit: The Introduction to Mend

Imagine Mend as the tech equivalent of a superhero team, combining the unique powers of Static Application Security Testing (SAST), Software Composition Analysis (SCA), and container image scanning to offer a 360-degree shield against security threats. With Mend, you're not just reacting to threats; you're anticipating them, ensuring your projects are fortified against the unexpected, much like a superhero anticipates a villain's next move.

Why Mend Deserves a Spot in Your Utility Belt

  • Early Detection: With the precognitive abilities of Doctor Strange, Mend identifies vulnerabilities in your codebase and dependencies before they can become a threat.
  • Comprehensive Coverage: Like the Avengers, it brings together a team of specialized tools to offer expansive coverage across your software stack.
  • Automation: Mend integrates with your CI/CD pipelines, automating scans and fixes like Tony Stark's suit operates his tech, seamlessly and efficiently.
  • Real-Time Remediation Suggestions: Providing immediate feedback and actionable advice, Mend is like having Jarvis in your development process, offering smart, practical solutions on the fly.

Launching Your Superhero Journey: Setting Up the Mend CLI

1. Download the Mend CLI: The First Step to Your Origin Story

Just as every superhero discovers their powers, your first step is to visit the Mend website or repository to download the Mend CLI. This tool is your secret weapon, designed to integrate seamlessly into your development environment.

2. Authenticate Your Login: The Secret Identity Behind the Mask

Before you can unleash the full potential of Mend, you must authenticate your session. This step ensures that only you, the rightful superhero, can wield the power of Mend in your quest against vulnerabilities.

3. Configuration: Crafting Your Super Suit

Customize the Mend CLI to fit your project's needs, whether it's scanning proprietary code, open-source components, or container images. This is where you tailor your superhero suit to your unique powers and the challenges you face.

Deploying Your Powers: Using the Mend CLI

- Scan Your Custom Code (SAST): Unleash your X-ray vision to spot vulnerabilities hidden in your proprietary code.

- Scan Your Open Source Components (SCA): Like Batman analyzes evidence to track down the Joker, use Mend to scrutinize open-source dependencies for security flaws.

- Scan Your Container Images: Invoke the precision of Hawkeye to pinpoint vulnerabilities in your container images, ensuring not a single threat slips past your gaze.

Interpreting the Oracle: Understanding Your Scan Results

With the wisdom of the Oracle, interpret the scan results to uncover the secrets hidden within your codebase. Mend's detailed analysis reveals the severity of vulnerabilities and the path to remediation, equipping you with the knowledge to protect your project.

Sidekicks and Allies: Alternative Tools

While Mend stands as a formidable hero in the realm of application security, every superhero knows the value of allies. Consider these alternative tools as part of your superhero league:

  • SonarQube: The Batman to your Superman, offering a different perspective on code quality and security.
  • Snyk: A speedy sidekick like The Flash, specializing in real-time scanning and remediation for open-source vulnerabilities.
  • Aqua Security: The Aquaman of container security, providing deep insights into the security posture of your containerized applications.

Conclusion: Embrace Your Inner Superhero

As you embark on your journey with Mend and its allies, remember that the fight against software vulnerabilities is a continuous battle. But with the right tools in your utility belt and the spirit of a superhero, you're well-equipped to protect your projects from the forces of chaos and insecurity.

In the words of a wise superhero mentor, "With great power comes great responsibility." The power of Mend and alternative security tools gives you the responsibility to safeguard your codebase, ensuring the digital universe remains a place of innovation and creativity, free from the shadows of security threats.

The Critical Role of Checklists in DevOps: Lessons from NASA, SpaceX, and Aviation

In the high-stakes arenas of space exploration and commercial aviation, where the margin for error is infinitesimally small, the checklist emerges not merely as a tool but as a pillar of operational success and reliability. This principle, deeply ingrained in the ethos of organizations like NASA and SpaceX, as well as in the aviation industry, holds profound implications for DevOps. As businesses across the globe navigate the complexities of digital transformation, adopting the disciplined approach of checklists can significantly enhance efficiency, reliability, and team cohesion. Here, we delve into the critical role of checklists in DevOps, drawing parallels from aerospace and aviation to underline their universal importance.

Precision in Complexity: A Page from NASA and SpaceX

NASA's storied history in space exploration and SpaceX's revolutionary strides in commercial spaceflight both underscore the indispensable role of checklists. For NASA, checklists have been a cornerstone, ensuring that every conceivable scenario, from pre-launch to re-entry, is accounted for with precision. SpaceX, on the other hand, has taken this legacy forward, integrating checklists into its ethos of innovation and efficiency. For instance, before the launch of the Falcon rockets or the Dragon spacecraft, SpaceX engineers and astronauts rigorously adhere to pre-flight checklists, ensuring every system is go for launch. These checklists are not static; they evolve with every mission, learning from past successes and failures, embodying a culture of continuous improvement.

The application to DevOps is direct and compelling. In the same way that checklists guide astronauts through the complex processes of space travel, DevOps teams can utilize them to navigate the multifaceted landscape of software development, deployment, and operations. Establishing clear, actionable steps for continuous integration and deployment (CI/CD) processes, system updates, and incident management not only minimizes the risk of errors but also ensures a standardized approach to problem-solving and task management.

The Blueprint for Operational Excellence: Aviation's Legacy

The aviation industry's rigorous adherence to checklists, dating back to the 1930s, has fostered an unparalleled safety culture. These checklists, spanning pre-flight to emergency procedures, ensure comprehensive system checks and readiness under varying conditions. The lesson for DevOps is the critical importance of procedural rigor and redundancy to prevent failures and enable swift, effective responses to operational anomalies.

Beyond Process: The Culture of Excellence

In both the aerospace sector, including NASA and SpaceX, and in aviation, checklists are more than procedural necessities; they are symbols of a commitment to excellence, safety, and team accountability. This culture, where precision and diligence are paramount, mirrors the ideal operational environment for DevOps teams. Through checklists, teams can enhance communication, delineate responsibilities clearly, and foster a shared commitment to the project and organizational goals.

Best Practices for DevOps Checklists

  1. Customize for Relevance: Tailor checklists to specific projects, technologies, and team dynamics.
  2. Iterate and Improve: Evolve checklists based on operational feedback and changes in technology or process.
  3. Ensure Accessibility: Integrate checklists into the team's daily workflows and tools for easy access.
  4. Empower through Education: Train team members on the importance and effective use of checklists.
  5. Regular Reviews: Conduct periodic audits to assess adherence to and the effectiveness of checklists, refining them as necessary.


The experiences of NASA, SpaceX, and the aviation industry with checklists illuminate their value beyond mere task lists. They are foundational to cultivating a culture of precision, reliability, and continuous improvement—qualities that are equally critical in the DevOps realm. By embracing the disciplined approach exemplified by these high-stakes fields, DevOps teams can enhance their operational efficiency, reduce errors, and foster a collaborative, high-performance culture. Thus, checklists, in their simplicity, embody a powerful tool for achieving excellence in an increasingly complex and fast-paced digital world.

Mastering Kubernetes: A DevOps Engineer’s Ultimate Troubleshooting Cheatsheet

Creating a Kubernetes troubleshooting checklist is a great way to systematically address issues that may arise in your Kubernetes environment. This checklist can help you in you identify and resolve problems more efficiently. Here's a comprehensive cheatsheet to guide you through troubleshooting Kubernetes:

1. Cluster Health Checks

  • Check Cluster Status: kubectl get nodes to ensure all nodes are in READY state.
  • Control Plane Health: Verify the health of control plane components if you have access.
  • System Logs: Review logs of Kubernetes components (kubelet, kube-apiserver, kube-scheduler, kube-controller-manager) for errors.

2. Pod and Container Issues

  • Check Pod Status: kubectl get pods --all-namespaces to find any pods that are not in RUNNING state.
  • Describe Pod Issues: kubectl describe pod <pod-name> -n <namespace> to get more details on issues.
  • Container Logs: kubectl logs <pod-name> -n <namespace> for application-specific issues.
  • Check for Resource Limits: Ensure pods are not being terminated due to reaching resource limits (CPU, memory).

3. Networking Troubleshooting

  • Service Connectivity: Test if your services are reachable and correctly routing to your pods.
  • Inspect Network Policies: Verify network policies are not blocking the intended traffic.
  • DNS Resolution: Ensure internal DNS services are correctly resolving service names.

4. Storage Troubleshooting

  • Persistent Volume Claims (PVCs): Check the status of PVCs with kubectl get pvc -n <namespace> to ensure they are bound and available.
  • Access Modes: Verify that the access modes on your PVCs match how your pods are trying to use them.
  • StorageClass Issues: Make sure the StorageClass is correctly configured and the underlying storage is accessible.

5. Performance and Resource Management

  • Node Resources: Use kubectl top nodes to check if any node is overutilized.
  • Pod Resources: Use kubectl top pods to identify if any pod is consuming excessive resources.
  • Autoscaling: If using Horizontal Pod Autoscaler, check its status to ensure it's working as expected.

6. Security and Access Control

  • RBAC Policies: Verify Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) policies are correctly configured for accessing cluster resources.
  • Service Account Permissions: Check if the service accounts have the necessary permissions for their roles.

7. Application-Specific Troubleshooting

  • Environment Variables: Ensure your containers are started with the correct environment variables.
  • ConfigMaps and Secrets: Make sure these are correctly mounted and accessible to your pods.

8. External Dependencies

  • Third-Party Services: Verify connectivity and availability of any external services your applications depend on.
  • API Rate Limits: Check if there are any API rate limits affecting communication with external services.

9. General Debugging Tips

  • Rolling Back: If recent changes caused the issue, consider rolling back deployments, config changes, etc.
  • Kubernetes Events: kubectl get events -n <namespace> can provide insights into what's happening in the cluster.

10. Monitoring and Alerts

  • Monitoring Tools: Utilize tools like Prometheus, Grafana, or ELK stack for insights into cluster metrics and logs.
  • Set Up Alerts: Configure alerts for critical metrics and logs to proactively manage cluster health.

Tools and Commands

  • kubectl: Your primary tool for interacting with Kubernetes.
  • kubectl exec: Execute commands in a container.
  • kubectl port-forward: For testing local connectivity to services.
  • Monitoring Tools: Prometheus, Grafana, ELK Stack for deeper insights.

Documentation and Resources

  • Kubernetes Official Documentation: Always a great resource for troubleshooting and best practices.
  • Community Forums: Kubernetes Slack channels, Stack Overflow, and GitHub issues can be invaluable resources.

Final Notes

Keep this cheatsheet handy and customize it based on your specific environment and experiences. Troubleshooting Kubernetes can be complex, but a systematic approach will help you identify and solve issues more efficiently.

Accelerating Your Career with Amazon’s Magic Loop: A DevOps Engineer’s Guide to Success

On my blog today, I'm excited to share a transformative career framework I recently discovered, dubbed "The Magic Loop," originally presented by Ethan Evans which I read about over at Lenny's Newsletter, a notable figure with an extensive career at Amazon. During his tenure, Ethan not only played a pivotal role in creating iconic services like Prime Video and Prime Gaming but also led vast teams and secured over 70 patents. His journey from a fresh graduate to a visionary leader is nothing short of inspirational.

Ethan's "Magic Loop" is a career acceleration tool, comprised of five straightforward steps, designed to systematically foster both personal and professional growth within any organizational setting. Here's my take on it, tailored with insights from my own journey in the tech world, particularly in DevOps and automation.

  1. Excellence in Your Current Role: The foundation of the Magic Loop is performing your current duties with utmost diligence. In the dynamic landscape of DevOps, this means keeping abreast of the latest technologies, automating processes, and ensuring system reliability. My experience echoes this; focusing on excellence has opened doors to new responsibilities and learning opportunities.
  2. Seek Opportunities to Contribute More: Ethan encourages asking your manager how you can further assist them. In the realm of DevOps, this could translate to identifying gaps in the CI/CD pipeline or proposing innovative solutions to enhance automation. I've found that taking initiative not only demonstrates commitment but also deepens my understanding of the broader business context.
  3. Fulfill Assigned Tasks: Undertaking what is asked of you, especially tasks that others might avoid, like documentation or legacy system maintenance, is crucial. In my career, I've seen how tackling these less glamorous tasks can lead to recognition and trust from leadership.
  4. Align Tasks with Career Goals: This involves seeking assignments that not only aid your team but also align with your personal growth objectives. For me, this has meant pursuing projects that sharpen my skills in cloud architecture and scripting, thereby positioning me for more strategic roles.
  5. Iterate and Expand: The Magic Loop is cyclical. After completing a task, you revisit step four, seeking new challenges that propel you and your team forward. This iterative process has been instrumental in my career development, encouraging continuous learning and adaptation.

Ethan's insights resonate deeply with my professional journey. The "Magic Loop" is not just a framework but a mindset of proactive growth, collaboration, and mutual benefit. It's a reminder that career advancement is a joint venture between you and your organization, where taking initiative, embracing challenges, and aligning your work with broader goals pave the path to success.

For those of us in the tech industry, where the pace of change is relentless, applying the Magic Loop can be especially powerful. It fosters a culture of continuous improvement, innovation, and strategic thinking, which are the hallmarks of a successful tech career. Whether you're in DevOps like me, software development, or any other field, this framework offers a structured approach to career growth that's both effective and fulfilling.

To my fellow professionals, I encourage you to embrace the Magic Loop. Let it guide you in not just advancing your career, but also in contributing to your team and organization in meaningful ways. Here's to our continuous growth and success in the ever-evolving tech landscape!

“Talk to the Hand” because Lambda’s Messaging Slack: A Terminator-Themed Tutorial

In the words of the legendary cybernetic organism, "I need your clothes, your boots, and your Slack webhook URL." Fear not; we're not actually commandeering your attire. Instead, we're embarking on a mission to ensure that not even a rogue T-1000 can sneak past your server monitors without you getting a Slack ping about it.

Here's how to set up your very own Cyberdyne Systems (minus the malevolent AI) for real-time AWS Lambda notifications using Slack's Workflow Builder.

Step 1: "Come with me if you want to ping"

Open your Slack and get ready to dive into the Workflow Builder. Click on "Start from scratch" and then brace yourself for the "From a webhook" option. This is where the magic happens, where Slack gives you the power to create something as potent as the liquid metal morphing T-1000.

Step 2: "Who is your daddy, and what does he do?"

Well, your webhook is your new daddy, and it does notifications. Slack will graciously hand you a webhook URL. Treat it like the CPU of the T-800; powerful and not to be shared with Skynet.

Step 3: "Get to the Choppa!"

Or in our case, the channel or direct message where these notifications will land. Once you select your destination, you can start adding steps like Arnold adds reps at the gym. Every step is a flex, sending messages, collecting info, or whatever else you need to keep the Connors safe.

Step 4: "I know now why you cry, but it's something I can never do"

Time to put on your leather jacket and shades because you're about to write some Lambda function code. AWS Lambda is like your T-800; it doesn't feel pain, remorse, or fear, and it absolutely will not stop… until your code runs.

Here's an example using urllib.request, because the requests library is not standard issue in Lambda's arsenal:

import json
import urllib.request

def lambda_handler(event, context):

    data = {
        'text': 'Hasta la vista, baby! Your EC2 instance has just shut down.'

    req = urllib.request.Request(webhook_url, method="POST")
    req.add_header('Content-Type', 'application/json')

    with urllib.request.urlopen(req, data=json.dumps(data).encode()) as response:
        return {
            'statusCode': 200,
            'body': json.dumps('The Slack resistance has been notified.')

Step 5: "No problemo"

Strap on your bandolier and test your Lambda function. When you trigger it, you should see your message pop up in Slack faster than you can say "Cyberdyne."

And there you have it, folks. Your AWS Lambda function is now ready to send Slack notifications that would make even a Terminator smile (if they could). Keep your eye on the notifications and remember, in the battle against downtime and unmonitored servers, "the future is not set. There is no fate but what we make for ourselves."

Mastering Negotiations in DevOps: The Chris Voss Approach

In the dynamic world of DevOps, where collaboration and communication are as crucial as the latest automation tool, the art of negotiation takes center stage. Enter Chris Voss, a former FBI hostage negotiator, whose strategies in "Never Split the Difference" can be just as effective in navigating the complexities of DevOps environments as they are in high-stakes criminal negotiations. This blog post explores how Voss's negotiation tactics can be a game-changer in your DevOps career, ensuring that you not only deploy code but also deploy effective communication and collaboration strategies.

1. The Power of "No"

Voss emphasizes the importance of "no" in negotiations, suggesting it provides a sense of security and control to the speaker. In DevOps, when faced with unrealistic deployment schedules or conflicting project priorities, encouraging stakeholders to say "no" can open the door to deeper conversations about project constraints and alternatives, leading to more feasible solutions and timelines.

2. Tactical Empathy

Understanding and acknowledging the emotions of others is what Voss calls tactical empathy. In the context of DevOps, this means genuinely understanding the concerns and pressures that developers, operations staff, and business stakeholders face. By acknowledging these pressures and demonstrating empathy, you can build trust and collaboration, essential ingredients for a successful DevOps culture.

3. Mirroring

Mirroring, or repeating the last few words your counterpart has just said, is a technique Voss uses to encourage others to expound on their thoughts. Applied to DevOps, mirroring can be especially useful during troubleshooting sessions or project planning meetings. It not only shows active listening but also encourages a deeper dive into issues, leading to more comprehensive and effective solutions.

4. Labeling

Voss recommends labeling as a way to identify and name the emotions in a negotiation, which helps diffuse tension. In DevOps, when tensions rise due to missed deadlines or failed deployments, labeling emotions ("It seems like there's frustration about the release schedule") can help address the underlying issues, opening the path to constructive dialogue and problem-solving.

5. The "Accusation Audit"

Before entering a negotiation, Voss advises conducting an "accusation audit," where you list every negative thing the other party could say about you. In DevOps, before proposing a new tool or process, consider all possible objections ("This will slow us down," "It’s too complex"). Addressing these concerns proactively can disarm skepticism and build a more receptive environment for your proposals.

6. Finding the "Black Swan"

Voss talks about the importance of uncovering hidden, transformative information (black swans) that can change the outcome of a negotiation. In DevOps, this could mean discovering a key piece of information about a system's limitations or a stakeholder's hidden concerns that, once addressed, can turn opposition into support for a project.

7. "That's Right" vs. "You're Right"

According to Voss, getting the counterpart to say "that's right" signifies agreement and understanding, while "you're right" often means they just want the conversation to end. In DevOps, aim for "that's right" moments by thoroughly explaining the rationale behind a technical decision or a project plan, ensuring that stakeholders truly understand and agree with the approach rather than just acquiescing.

8. Calibrated Questions

Asking open-ended questions that start with "how" or "what" can lead the other party to solve the problem for you. In DevOps, asking a stakeholder, "How do you see this impacting the project timeline?" or "What are your main concerns with this approach?" can provide valuable insights and lead to collaborative problem-solving.

Applying Chris Voss’s negotiation tactics in your DevOps career can significantly enhance how you communicate and collaborate with your team and stakeholders. These strategies ensure that even in the fast-paced, often unpredictable world of DevOps, you can navigate challenges with confidence, empathy, and effectiveness, leading to better outcomes for everyone involved. Remember, negotiation in DevOps isn't just about tools and processes; it's about people. And mastering the art of negotiation can make all the difference in fostering a productive, innovative, and harmonious work environment.

I highly recommend watching Chris Voss on Masterclass or check out his YouTube videos or grab a copy of Never Split the Difference.

Applying Charlie Munger’s Wisdom to DevOps: A Tale of Pragmatism and Perseverance

In the grand tapestry of software development, where the warp of speed meets the weft of quality, there exists a philosophy, not unlike that of Charlie Munger's, that champions a disciplined, insightful approach to the DevOps landscape. Imagine, if you will, a world where Munger's investment checklist intertwines with the principles of DevOps, narrated with a sprinkle of my own experiences and musings on productivity and automation. Welcome to a blog post where wisdom meets practicality, and where the ethos of DevOps is seen through the lens of one of the greatest investors of our time.

Understand the Business: The Munger Way

Charlie Munger, known for his sharp wit and clearer insight, always starts with understanding the business. In the DevOps realm, this translates to a deep comprehension of the software architecture, the tech stack, and the overarching business goals. It's not just about deploying code; it's about deploying value, understanding the "why" behind every push, and ensuring that every line of code serves the business's mission.

Automation: The Competitive Moat

Munger’s principle of seeking a competitive advantage, or a 'moat', finds its echo in the automation strategies we devise in DevOps. Automation is our moat, protecting us against the marauding hordes of downtime, bugs, and operational inefficiencies. It's what sets us apart in the marketplace, allowing us to deploy faster, with higher quality, and with greater confidence.

Quality Management: The Team and Culture

Just as Munger places a premium on the quality of management, in the DevOps world, the emphasis shifts to the team and culture. A culture that fosters collaboration, learning, and responsibility across all levels is akin to having a management team that Munger would invest in—a team that's honest, competent, and geared towards long-term success.

Financial Strength and ROI: The DevOps Initiatives

Munger's focus on financial health and profitability mirrors the need to evaluate the ROI of DevOps initiatives. It's not just about the shiny new tools or the latest methodologies; it's about understanding how these investments drive operational efficiencies, reduce costs, and ultimately, contribute to the bottom line.

Risk Management: The DevOps Safety Net

In the spirit of Munger's risk evaluation, identifying and managing risks becomes a cornerstone of DevOps practices. From security vulnerabilities to compliance issues, the aim is to build a robust safety net that protects the pipeline and ensures that the only surprises we encounter are pleasant ones.

Independence: The Path Less Traveled

Munger advocates for independence of thought, a principle that resonates deeply with the DevOps ethos. Innovating, experimenting with new technologies, and sometimes, going against the grain, is what keeps us ahead. It's about finding the path less traveled that leads to operational excellence.

Continuous Learning: The Munger-DevOps Edict

If there's one thing Munger and DevOps agree on, it's the never-ending pursuit of knowledge. The landscape is ever-evolving, with new tools, technologies, and practices emerging at a breakneck pace. Staying atop these changes, learning from each deployment, and continuously improving our processes is what keeps us relevant and effective.

The Munger-DevOps Checklist: A Guiding Beacon

In weaving together Munger's investment principles with the fabric of DevOps, we find a guiding beacon for navigating the complex, often turbulent waters of software development and operations. It's a philosophy that champions pragmatism, discipline, and a relentless pursuit of excellence—a philosophy that, when applied to DevOps, ensures not just operational efficiency but a sustainable competitive advantage in the digital age.

Incorporating Munger's wisdom into our DevOps practices isn't just about adopting a set of guidelines; it's about embracing a mindset—a mindset that values thoughtful analysis, embraces risk management, and seeks continuous improvement in every commit, every deployment, and every post-mortem analysis. It's about building not just software, but a legacy of quality, efficiency, and resilience that stands the test of time.

So, as we chart our course through the DevOps landscape, let us take a leaf out of Charlie Munger's book, applying his time-tested principles to our processes, our culture, and our mindset. For in the union of Munger's wisdom and DevOps pragmatism lies the path to true operational excellence.

Further Reading

For those looking to delve deeper into the wisdom of Charlie Munger, "Poor Charlie's Almanack: The Wit and Wisdom of Charles T. Munger" is an indispensable resource and inspiration for this blog post. This book compiles Munger's thoughts on investing, business, and life, offering insights into his success and philosophy. Edited by Peter D. Kaufman, it's a collection of speeches and talks by Munger, providing a comprehensive look at the principles and ideas that have guided his decisions and investments.

"Poor Charlie's Almanack" not only explores Munger's investment strategies but also his approach to life's challenges, making it a valuable read for anyone interested in adopting a more thoughtful and disciplined approach to both their professional and personal lives.

To explore Munger's insights and principles further, you can find "Poor Charlie's Almanack" through various booksellers, libraries and Amazon. It's an essential addition to the library of anyone keen on understanding the depth of Munger's intellect and the breadth of his wisdom.

Streamlining AWS EC2 Management: A Python Script for Enhanced Instance Access

In today's cloud-centric world, managing AWS EC2 instances efficiently is paramount for DevOps engineers and system administrators. To streamline this process, I've developed a versatile Python script that not only simplifies listing and managing EC2 instances but also introduces a user-friendly way to filter and access your instances directly. This guide will walk you through the script's features, setup, and usage to help you manage your AWS infrastructure more effectively.

Key Features

  • List All EC2 Instances: Displays both running and stopped instances, providing crucial details at a glance.
  • Optional Filtering: Choose whether to include stopped instances in your list, allowing for a tailored view that matches your current needs.
  • Search Functionality: Quickly find instances by name using a simple search term, perfect for environments with numerous instances.
  • Selective Instance Access: Log into your chosen instance directly from the script, leveraging the correct SSH keys automatically.

Getting Started

Before diving into the script, ensure you have the AWS CLI and Boto3 library installed and configured on your system. These tools provide the necessary foundation to interact with AWS services and execute the script successfully.

  1. AWS CLI Installation: Follow the official AWS documentation to install and configure the AWS CLI, setting up your access ID, secret key, and default region.
  2. Boto3 Installation: Install Boto3 via pip with pip install boto3, ensuring you have Python 3.6 or later.

Script Breakdown

The script is structured into several key functions, each designed to handle specific aspects of the EC2 management process:

  • Instance Listing and Filtering: Users can list all instances or opt to exclude stopped instances. Additionally, a search term can be applied to filter instances by name.
  • Instance Selection: A user-friendly list allows you to select an instance for access, streamlining the login process.
  • SSH Key Handling: The script automatically finds and uses the correct SSH key for the selected instance, based on its associated key name.


Running the script is straightforward. Execute it in your terminal, and follow the on-screen prompts to filter and select the instance you wish to access:


You'll first be asked whether to include stopped instances in the listing. Next, you have the option to enter a search term to filter instances by name. Finally, select the instance you wish to access from the presented list, and the script will initiate an SSH connection using the appropriate key.


This Python script enhances your AWS EC2 management capabilities, offering a streamlined and intuitive way to access and manage your instances. By incorporating optional filtering and search functionality, it caters to environments of all sizes, from a handful of instances to large-scale deployments.

Sharing this script on my blog is part of my commitment to not only improve my productivity but also contribute to the wider community. Whether you're a fellow DevOps engineer, a system administrator, or anyone managing AWS EC2 instances, I hope you find this tool as useful as I have in simplifying your cloud management tasks.

Feel free to adapt the script to your specific needs, and I'm eager to hear any feedback or enhancements you might suggest. Happy coding, and here's to a more manageable cloud infrastructure!

import boto3
import subprocess
import os
import time

# Initialize a boto3 EC2 resource
ec2 = boto3.resource('ec2')

def list_all_instances(include_stopped=False, search_term=None):
    """List all EC2 instances, optionally excluding stopped instances and filtering by search term."""
    filters = [{'Name': 'tag:Name', 'Values': ['*'+search_term+'*']} if search_term else {'Name': 'instance-state-name', 'Values': ['running', 'stopped']}]
    if not include_stopped:
        filters.append({'Name': 'instance-state-name', 'Values': ['running']})
    instances = ec2.instances.filter(Filters=filters)
    return instances

def get_instance_name(instance):
    """Extract the name of the instance from its tags."""
    for tag in instance.tags or []:
        if tag['Key'] == 'Name':
            return tag['Value']
    return "No Name"

def select_instance(instances):
    """Allow the user to select an instance to log into."""
    print("Available instances:")
    if not instances:
        print("No matching instances found.")
        return None

    for i, instance in enumerate(instances, start=1):
        name = get_instance_name(instance)
        print(f"{i}) Name: {name}, Instance ID: {}, State: {instance.state['Name']}")
    selection = input("Enter the number of the instance you want to log into (or 'exit' to quit): ")
    if selection.lower() == 'exit':
        return None
        selection = int(selection) - 1
        return list(instances)[selection]
    except (ValueError, IndexError):
        print("Invalid selection.")
        return None

def find_key_for_instance(instance):
    """Find the SSH key for the instance based on its KeyName."""
    key_name = instance.key_name
    keys_directory = os.path.expanduser("~/.ssh")
    for key_file in os.listdir(keys_directory):
        if key_file.startswith(key_name) and key_file.endswith(".pem"):
            return os.path.join(keys_directory, key_file)
    return None

def ssh_into_instance(instance, remote_user="ec2-user"):
    """SSH into the selected instance, if any."""
    if instance is None:

    ssh_key_path = find_key_for_instance(instance)
    if not ssh_key_path:
        print(f"No matching SSH key found for instance {} with KeyName {instance.key_name}")
    print(f"Logging into {get_instance_name(instance)} ({})...")
    private_ip = instance.private_ip_address
    ssh_cmd = f'ssh -o StrictHostKeyChecking=no -i {ssh_key_path} {remote_user}@{private_ip}', shell=True)

def main():
    """Main function to list instances and allow user selection for SSH login."""
    include_stopped = input("Include stopped instances? (yes/no): ").lower().startswith('y')
    search_term = input("Enter a search term to filter by instance name (leave empty for no filter): ").strip() or None
    instances = list(list_all_instances(include_stopped, search_term))
    selected_instance = select_instance(instances)

if __name__ == "__main__":